1. Borobudur, Java
Borobudur is a historic Buddhist temple in the style of a mandala on the island of Java, 25 miles northwest of Yogyakarta. In the eighth and ninth centuries, it was constructed over a period of around 75 years using an estimated two million stone blocks. The temple was abandoned in the 14th century, when it’s thought that a large portion of the populace relocated to eastern Java as a result of volcanic eruptions, and it was lost in the forest for many years before being found in the 1800s.
In the present, it is a top UNESCO World Heritage site. One of the largest Buddhist monuments, it consists of six square platforms with 2,672 relief panels and 504 sculptures of Buddha.
2. Mt Bromo, Java
A crater of fine volcanic sand in East Java called Tengger caldera is home to the active volcano Mt. Bromo. It certainly is a terrific location for anyone seeking experiences in Indonesia. It is not the tallest peak in the massif at 7,641 feet, but it is the most well-known. The volcano’s summit has been destroyed, and the inside crater continuously emits white sulphurous smoke. For an ethereal view of Mount Bromo and the Sea of Sand, tourists go up early to stand on the crater rim at sunrise.
3. Lake Toba, Sumatra
On the island of Sumatra, there is a massive volcanic lake called Lake Toba that is up to 1,657 feet deep, 62 miles long, and 19 miles broad. It is the biggest lake in Indonesia and the largest volcanic resurgent caldera on Earth. It was created by a massive, catastrophic volcanic eruption between 69,000 and 77,000 years ago. Pulau Samosir, the island in the centre of Lake Toba, is about the size of Singapore and is the fifth-largest lake island in the world inside of the sixth-largest island in the world.
4. Kawah Ijen, Java
At the centre of a reserve that encompasses the summits and slopes of three volcanoes lies the mysterious crater lake known as Kawah Ijen. It is home to a labor-intensive sulphur mining plant and one of the world’s most acidic lakes. Every day, an elite group of rugged men known as the “sulphur slaves” laboriously carry baskets of 200-pound-plus yellow pebbles from the lake’s edge to the lip of the crater and back down the mountainside.
The lake’s milky turquoise hue, mineral purity, and the surrounding volcano cliffs provide for a magnificent spectacle, particularly at night when blue fire is produced by the combustion of sulfuric vapours.
5. Jatiluwih, Bali
One of the absolute highlights of Indonesia is a trip to Bali. The centre of Bali’s Tabanan Regency, Jatiluwih, is also referred to as the “rice bowl” of Bali. With 1500 acres of rice terraces extending from the shore and following the lovely hillside terrain to as high as 2300 feet above sea level, it is the area of the island with the highest agricultural productivity.
As you ascend Mt. Batukaru over steep terraces cultivated with Asia’s main crop, the magnificent view will spread out in front of you like a map. Jatiluwih, which translates as “exceptional” or “really magnificent,” lives up to its name by providing a stunning perspective.
6. Pura Tanah Lot, Bali
Pura Tanah Lot is one of Bali’s most impressive and revered temples. It is devoted to the sea spirits and was built in the sixteenth century by Nirartha, one of the final Majapahit priests to arrive from Java. The temple is perhaps the most famous site in Bali; it is located on a rocky rock that has been battered by waves, right at the edge of the foaming white surf and shimmering black beach.
Only at low tide is it accessible, and sea snakes are said to live among the nearby rocks. The late afternoon is the finest time to go since you can see the magnificent temple profile silhouetted against the setting sun.
7. Pura Luhur Uluwatu, Bali
You cannot miss Pura Luhur Uluwatu, which is located on the Bukit Peninsula in the southwest of Bali. This temple, which dates back to the 11th century, is perched on the extreme edge of a small, rugged cape, 200 feet above the Indian Ocean’s raging waves. You’ll have a long-lasting and eerie impression of spiritual Bali because to its grey volcanic stone, which is shimmering with the magnificent hues of the setting sun.
8. Tana Toraja, Sulawesi
The Toraja people live in Tana Toraja, a region on the island of Sulawesi that is characterised by green, lush rice terraces and blue, misty mountains in the distance. They are famous for their peculiar burial practises, including as the act of “walking” deceased mummified bodies, but they are also noted for their distinctive architectural style of their “Tongkonan,” boat-shaped ancestral homes.
Funerals are elaborate events, and the typical cemeteries include tau tau (life-sized wooden effigies), hanging graves, cave graves, and baby tree graves.
The lesser known information about Toraja is that it makes the famous coffee in the nation. If exploring the depths of local cultures and coffee farms appeals to you, including Tana Toraja on your agenda for Indonesia.
9. The Orangutans of Kalimantan
Without viewing some orangutans, a journey to Indonesia would be incomplete. The biggest orangutan population in the world, as well as other primates, birds, and reptiles, may be found in Tanjung Puting National Park in Kalimantan, Borneo. Although orangutans still exist in the wild, land development is encroaching on their natural habitat, thus many sanctuaries rescue and guard these lovely, endangered animals.
The native boats that have been turned into Borneo cruise boats are the simplest method to get there. As you ride a little wild river into the jungle, the experience stays really personal and genuine.
10. Krakatoa, Java
Between the islands of Java and Sumatra, in the Sunda Strait, sits the island of Krakatoa. The whole region was devastated in 1883 as a result of the spectacular eruption of Krakatau Volcano and the ensuing tsunami. People who survived the catastrophe fled, and the area turned back into a forest.
The newest of the islands created by the eruption, Anak Krakatau, or “Child of Krakatau,” pushed its way above the surface in 1930. This young and unstable volcano keeps rising higher out of the water and erupts frequently and significantly, spewing fire and smoke. From Pulau Sebesi, the island is easily accessible by boat or ferry.
11. Wakatobi National Park, Sulawesi
Wakatobi, an island group near the tip of the southeast “petal” of the orchid-shaped island of Sulawesi, was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005. The world’s greatest diversity of fish and reef species may be found there, and dolphins, turtles, and even whales use it as a play area. There are 143 islands in the island group, but only seven of them are populated. Wakatobi also has white-sand beaches, mangrove forests, traditional weaving communities, blacksmiths, and ancient ruins in addition to its underwater magnificence.
12. Ubud, Bali
Bali’s aesthetic and cultural centre has long been acknowledged to be the royal village of Ubud. In addition to a traditional market, a royal palace, and a little treasure trove of museums and galleries, nearby villages are home to some of the island’s most skilled painters, stonemasons, woodcarvers, mask makers, and silversmiths.
The majority of the features that draw visitors to this incredibly beautiful island, including old temples, palaces, green rice terraces, vertical river gorges, coconut palms, and lush rainforest, are all located around Ubud. One of the most sought-after sights in the world are those that include faraway volcanoes in awe-inspiring panoramas.